Sailfish X Xperia Android 6 Build and Flash
Here you will find instructions how to build Sailfish OS image and flash it to Sony Xperia X (F5121) device.
- 2020-06-16: Align with the latest build scripts
- 2019-03-15: Revised in the wake of HADK 3.0.1
- 2018-12-13: Revised in the wake of HADK and Platform SDK 3.0.0
- 2018-06-25: Aligned with Platform SDK 2.2.0 and target
- 2017-11-02: droid-flashing-tools has now been provided in nemo:devel:hw:common repo (which is automaticaly available for local builds), which should unbreak mic image creation
- 2017-10-11: EDGE variable added for cutting and bleeding flavours of the HW adaptation (removed in Jun ‘18 due to adaptation now being stable)
- 2017-10-10: Switching to blobless builds, you no longer have to download SW binaries to build things, will only need them to flash the image (we recommend to start your dev environment from scratch at this point)
- 2017-10-07: Each
repo initbelow now points to the
tagged-manifest.xml, which means a complete re-init, re-sync, and rebuild is required to fix the recent mobile data issue.
- 2017-09-29: Bluetooth is now enabled, you are welcome to test its profiles and fix up as many as you can (ping
jusain IRC for guidance). Browser video playback fixed. Camera video recording fixed. General performance boosted by enabling all 6 CPU cores.
- 2017-09-26: droid-configs has been updated to fix the
nothing provides requested droid-hal-version-f5121error
Please download the latest Sailfish OS HADK (Hardware Adaptation Development Kit) from within this link.
Minimum Sailfish OS version for this port is 22.214.171.124.
If you are new to HADK, please carefully read the disclaimer on page 1, then chapters 1 and 2.
The disk space requirement for this build is not 30GB as HADK says, but around 80GB. The download bandwidth requirement is around 20GB.
HADK uses CyanogenMod as reference base. Here we’ll instead have Sony’s stock Android 6.0.1 or 7.x – these are the versions that are supported by Sailfish X and need to be flashed to your Sony before flashing Sailfish OS image. Now you can read through chapter 3.
If you ever run into difficulties, we’re there to help in the #sailfishos-porters channel on IRC at oftc.net.
In chapter 4 (Setting up the SDKs) setup the environment in ~/.hadk.env with additional variables (here we’ll build for Sony Xperia X single SIM variant):
export VENDOR=sony export DEVICE=f5121 export HABUILD_DEVICE=suzu export DEVICE_GROUP=f512x export BRANCH=6.0.1_r80 export HAVERSION="sony-aosp-"$BRANCH"-20170902"
Follow through the chapter 4 until the end, and ignore chapter 5, instead perform the following:
HABUILD_SDK $ git config --global user.name "Your Name" git config --global user.email "firstname.lastname@example.org"
You’ll need to ensure you have the
repo command from the AOSP source code repositories installed. See the Android Source instructions for how to install it. Once available you can continue:
HABUILD_SDK $ sudo mkdir -p $ANDROID_ROOT sudo chown -R $USER $ANDROID_ROOT cd $ANDROID_ROOT repo init -u https://github.com/mer-hybris/android.git -b hybris-$HAVERSION -m tagged-manifest.xml # Adjust X to your bandwidth capabilities repo sync -jX --fetch-submodules source build/envsetup.sh export USE_CCACHE=1 lunch aosp_$DEVICE-userdebug git clone https://github.com/sailfishos/droidmedia external/droidmedia make -j$(nproc --all) hybris-hal droidmedia
If you encounter errors, check with HADK’s section 5.5 “Common Pitfalls”, and if it’s not there, ask us on IRC.
Once you have hybris-boot.img and hybris-recovery.img files successfully built, go through chapter 6 of the HADK document.
Ignore chapter 7, but do the following instead:
PLATFORM_SDK $ cd $ANDROID_ROOT rpm/dhd/helpers/build_packages.sh --droid-hal git clone --recursive https://github.com/mer-hybris/droid-config-$DEVICE hybris/droid-configs -b master if [ -z "$(grep community_adaptation $ANDROID_ROOT/hybris/droid-configs/rpm/droid-config-$DEVICE.spec)" ]; then sed -i '/%include droid-configs-device/i%define community_adaptation 1\n' $ANDROID_ROOT/hybris/droid-configs/rpm/droid-config-$DEVICE.spec fi if [ -z "$(grep patterns-sailfish-consumer-generic $ANDROID_ROOT/hybris/droid-configs/patterns/jolla-configuration-$DEVICE.yaml)" ]; then sed -i "/Summary: Jolla Configuration $DEVICE/i- patterns-sailfish-consumer-generic\n- pattern:sailfish-porter-tools\n" $ANDROID_ROOT/hybris/droid-configs/patterns/jolla-configuration-$DEVICE.yaml fi if [ -z "$(grep jolla-devicelock-daemon-encsfa $ANDROID_ROOT/hybris/droid-configs/patterns/jolla-hw-adaptation-$DEVICE_GROUP.yaml)" ]; then sed -i "s/sailfish-devicelock-fpd/jolla-devicelock-daemon-encsfa/" $ANDROID_ROOT/hybris/droid-configs/patterns/jolla-hw-adaptation-$DEVICE_GROUP.yaml fi rpm/dhd/helpers/build_packages.sh --configs rpm/dhd/helpers/build_packages.sh --mw # select "all" option when asked
Wait for middleware to finish, open new terminal window shell and enter:
HABUILD_SDK $ sudo apt-get install rsync cd $ANDROID_ROOT/.. mkdir syspart cd syspart repo init -u https://github.com/mer-hybris/android.git -b syspart-$HAVERSION -m tagged-manifest.xml # Adjust X to your bandwidth capabilities repo sync -jX --fetch-submodules source build/envsetup.sh export USE_CCACHE=1 lunch aosp_$DEVICE-userdebug # Change $(nproc --all) to your building capabilities, it will be very heavy on RAM if you go for more cores, proceed with care: make -j$(nproc --all) libnfc-nci bluetooth.default_32 systemtarball # The build might take quite a bit of time PLATFORM_SDK $ cd $ANDROID_ROOT/../syspart git clone https://github.com/mer-hybris/droid-system-$DEVICE mb2 -t $VENDOR-$DEVICE-$PORT_ARCH -s droid-system-$DEVICE/rpm/droid-system-$DEVICE.spec build rm -f $ANDROID_ROOT/droid-local-repo/$DEVICE/droid-system-*.rpm mv RPMS/droid-system-*-0.1.1-1.armv7hl.rpm $ANDROID_ROOT/droid-local-repo/$DEVICE/ createrepo_c "$ANDROID_ROOT/droid-local-repo/$DEVICE" sdk-assistant maintain $VENDOR-$DEVICE-$PORT_ARCH zypper ref
Close the current terminal window, go back to previous window, then:
PLATFORM_SDK $ cd $ANDROID_ROOT rpm/dhd/helpers/build_packages.sh --gg sdk-assistant maintain $VENDOR-$DEVICE-$PORT_ARCH zypper in --force-resolution droid-hal-$DEVICE-kernel-modules rpm/dhd/helpers/build_packages.sh --mw=https://github.com/mer-hybris/droid-hal-img-boot-$DEVICE rpm/dhd/helpers/build_packages.sh --mw=https://github.com/mer-hybris/bluetooth-rfkill-event --spec=rpm/bluetooth-rfkill-event-hciattach.spec git clone --recursive https://github.com/mer-hybris/droid-hal-version-$DEVICE hybris/droid-hal-version-$DEVICE rpm/dhd/helpers/build_packages.sh --version
Next, please proceed with:
PLATFORM_SDK $ export RELEASE=126.96.36.199 export EXTRA_NAME=-my1 sudo zypper in lvm2 atruncate pigz sudo zypper in android-tools cd $ANDROID_ROOT rpm/dhd/helpers/build_packages.sh --mic
If you want to rebuild your image again later, umount any
/var/tmp/mic/imgcreate-*/ mounts manually.
Ensure you OTA your stock Sony Android to at least 34.3.A.0.228 (check Settings | About phone | Build number) before unlocking your device, so you do not need Windows in the flashing process. Note, you might need to OTA-update several times to reach that version.
PLATFORM_SDK $ # continue from above mic session mkdir flashing cd flashing unzip $ANDROID_ROOT/sfe-$DEVICE-$RELEASE$EXTRA_NAME/SailfishOS-*.zip cd SailfishOS-*/
Download Sony vendor zip archive from https://developer.sonymobile.com/downloads/software-binaries/software-binaries-for-aosp-marshmallow-android-6-0-1-kernel-3-10-loire/ and place it in current directory, then:
BLOBS=$(ls -1 *_loire.zip | tail -n1) unzip $BLOBS # act upon instructions in the flashing-README.txt, then: bash ./flash.sh
This means you have not updated your stock Sony Android via OTA to the build 34.3.A.0.228. Since you have already unlocked your device, OTAs are no longer available, and now you have two alternatives: the Linux way or Windows.
cd $ANDROID_ROOT/flashing/SailfishOS-*/ MATCH='Your Sony Android version ($VMAJOR.$VMINOR) on your device is too old,' LINE=$(grep -n "$MATCH" flash.sh | sed 's/:.*//') if [ -n $LINE ]; then sed -i "$(($LINE+1)),$(($LINE+3)) d" flash.sh sed -i "s/$MATCH/Your Sony Android version is too old, but we'll workaround that via Linux cmdline/" flash.sh else echo 'Ensure you are using droid-configs from the build instructions above (same branch/up-to-date), then:' echo 'cp $ANDROID_ROOT/hybris/droid-configs/sparse/boot/flash.sh .' echo 'And restart this section from its beginning above ^ (cd $ANDROID_ROOT/flashing etc)' fi sed -i 's/echo "Flashing oem partition.."/echo "oem partition is populated manually through recovery"/' flash.sh sed -i 's/$FLASHCMD oem $BLOBS/#$FLASHCMD oem $BLOBS/' flash.sh fastboot flash system *_loire.img
Open a new terminal window and enter Sailfish_X_Build_and_Flash#Recovery_Mode and shell into the device, then:
mkdir oem mount /dev/mmcblk0p28 oem mkdir blobs mount /dev/mmcblk0p52 system rm -rf oem/* cp -ar blobs/* oem umount oem umount blobs rmdir oem blobs exit
Go back to your previous terminal window session, and complete the flashing:
Now reboot the device and you should have Sailfish OS booting normally.
- Download the Emma tool - https://developer.sonymobile.com/open-devices/flash-tool/how-to-download-and-install-the-flash-tool/
- Install the Emma tool
- Connect phone to your computer with USB cable, while holding volume down and then green LED light should be lit on the top speaker
- Update your device to at least to Android version x-x_34.3.x.x.x with the Emma tool. NOTE: The download size can be 2.5G and take tens of minutes to download so go and get some coffee in the mean while
Go back to your Linux installation where you left off previously, and redo:
# act upon instructions in the flashing-README.txt, then: bash ./flash.sh
If anything goes not according to plan, you can boot the device into fastboot (VolumeUp+Power) and execute this command:
PLATFORM_SDK $ # cd into your flashing/ directory sudo fastboot boot SailfishOS-*/hybris-recovery.img
Then follow instructions on screen to SSH into your device recovery mode. Further steps will depend on what you want to achieve, mainly guided by our IRC channel.
The port is pretty functional, but help from you is always appreciated in these areas:
- Sensors not working: fingerprint, barometer, step counter
- Double-tap to wake is deactivated. Activate it and help testing in various scenarios by:
- FM radio missing (solution is known by community)
- No big.LITTLE technology is currently enabled, Sailfish OS simply fills up the cores in sequence (from 0 to 3 little, then the big ones 4 and 5), which already gives a very smooth performance. However, this means there’s no special allocation of the two performance cores for the foreground apps (so the UX experience could be improved even further, even under heavy loads). More details: We can’t dedicate two big cores to foreground UI apps because we can’t allocate PIDs to the foreground sets. And even if we could, we’d have to add the root process for foreground apps (SFOS booster/invoker?) into there so its children would live on the fast cores. Ping abranson on IRC if you want to chip in, or wait for Android 7 (and kernel v4.4 automatically handling all that much better) where only SFOS booster part will need sorting.
- Startup Wizard skips one blank page (where usually the Android Support is)
If you find more things to fix, please report them in our IRC channel or file a bug.
Have fun and enjoy our first fully-flashable Sailfish OS image built entirely by you! Your Jolla HW Team