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Build Shell

Build Shell

If you want to run arbitrary commands on the build environment, you can use the mb2 build-shell command. The build-shell command needs to be run from the top of a build tree, so before you use it for the first time you need to initialize a build directory with the mb2 build-init command.

$ git clone
$ cd sample-app-c/src
$ mb2 build-init
$ mb2 build-shell
[SailfishOS-] src $ make
cc -o sample-app-c sample-app-c.c -I/usr/include/ssusysinfo -lssusysinfo

Note: If you actually try the above command, your compilation will likely fail, because you don’t have ssu-sysinfo-devel package installed. See below on Maintenance mode for information on how to install it.

You can give the actual command you want to execute as an additional parameter.

$ mb2 build-shell make

Maintenance mode

Pass the --maintain option when running maintenance commands - such that are used to inspect and/or modify the build environment itself. Failure to do so leads to undefined results.

We can use the maintenance mode to install the package required for building the sample-app-c from above:

$ mb2 build-shell --maintain zypper se ssu-sysinfo-devel
Loading repository data...
Reading installed packages...
S | Name              | Summary                           | Type
  | ssu-sysinfo-devel | Development files for ssu-sysinfo | package
$ mb2 build-shell --maintain zypper in ssu-sysinfo-devel

Just like without the --maintain parameter, you can leave out the command to open an interactive shell:

$ mb2 build-shell --maintain
[SailfishOS-] #

Any changes done under the build environment are persisted under build targets. Unless the --no-snapshot option is used, mb2 uses a working copy (a “snapshot”) of the actual build target to persist your build environment. Thanks to this you can revert any modifications to the build environment using the ‘build-requires reset’ command, so don’t be afraid to experiment, but be aware that changes may get reset implicitly under certain conditions (read more in the built-in help of mb2).

Use the ‘build-requires diff’ command to see how the current build environment differs from the clean build environment in terms of package installations, removals and replacements.

Note: Installing packages with maintenance mode might be handy when experimenting, but you should always add the packages required for building packages as BuildRequires in the RPM SPEC file. It is a good habit to always verify that building a package works with a clean build enviroment.