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Sailfish OS Cheat Sheet

Development Commands

The default IP of the device for USB connections is set in Settings > Developer tools > USB IP address, which is by default set to 192.168.2.15. On this page we are referring to this with device which one can use alias for with following methods

A) (RECOMMENDED) add following to your ~/.ssh/config file, which also makes the connection easier to handle if you are using multiple developer devices behind same IP address

# Dev devices which constantly change the ID
Host device
    User defaultuser
    HostName 192.168.2.15
    StrictHostKeyChecking no
    UserKnownHostsFile=/dev/null
    IdentitiesOnly yes

B) example to your /etc/hosts file, by adding following line there

192.168.2.15    device

Connect to the device over usb

sudo ifconfig usb0 up device

Log into the device. Define password in “Settings > Developer tools > Remote connection”.

ssh defaultuser@device

Change user to root

su       # if on SDK, or
devel-su # if on device

Remove changed IP from known_hosts

ssh-keygen -R device

Update development environment

sfdk tools update <target>

Build project

sfdk config target=<target>
sfdk build # finds the spec under rpm
sfdk --specfile rpm/<package>.spec build # specify spec yourself

Copy packages to the device

scp ./RPMS/<package>.rpm <user>@device:

Listen to system logs

devel-su journalctl -fa # Sailfish
devel-su chroot /opt/alien/ /system/bin/logcat -v time # Android apps

See also logcat usage help article

Search log for keyword ‘account’ ignoring the case

devel-su journalctl | grep -i account

Open file (apk, media file, vcard, call number, etc.) with appropriate app.

xdg-open file # e.g. xdg-open image.jpg

List shared library dependencies

ldd /usr/lib/qt5/qml/modulepath/libmodule.so

List exported symbols

zypper in binutils && nm -D /usr/lib/library.so.0

Set DConf value

dconf write /desktop/meego/background/portrait/picture_filename \'/pathto/wallpaper.jpg\'

Print DConf value

dconf read /desktop/meego/background/portrait/picture_filename

List incoming hardware input events

evdev_trace -t

Find folders that take more than 100MB of space

du -a -x / | awk '{if($1 > 102400) print int($1/1024) "MB" " " $2 }' # root partition
du -a -x /home | awk '{if($1 > 102400) print int($1/1024) "MB" " " $2 }' # home partition

List RPM packages that take the most space in the system

rpm -qa --queryformat '%{size} %{name}\n' | sort -rn | more

Execute QML document.

devel-su -p pkcon install qt5-qtdeclarative-qmlscene # install qmlscene
devel-su ln -s /usr/lib/qt5/bin/qmlscene /usr/bin/qmlscene # add symbolic link to path
qmlscene app.qml # run

Cleaning up the leftover packages from the system, first refresh the database, then check leftover and lastly remove wanted packages:

zypper ref
zypper packages --orphaned
zypper remove --clean-deps PACKAGENAME

Diagnostics

Saving logs is always good

devel-su journalctl -a > ~/saved.journal

Add -f to contiously listen to the log output:

devel-su journalctl -fa

The systemd journal is persistent over reboots in devel branch and in release branches if you want to have this behaviour you can edit /etc/systemd/journald.conf and set

Storage=persistent

By default, the systemd journal throttles output from particularly noisy processes, which can be frustrating when trying to debug an application. Preventing journald from throttling logging from a verbose process - edit /etc/systemd/journald.conf and set

RateLimitBurst=9999
RateLimitInterval=5s

Which will cause systemd to throttle journal output from any process which emits more than 9999 lines of output in any five second interval NOTE: after doing changes for /etc/systemd/journald.conf you should reboot the device.

Various processes can be made more verbose by setting certain environment variables:

QT_LOGGING_RULES="*.debug=true"               # any application or service using Qt Categorized Logging
QT_LOGGING_RULES="buteo.*.debug=true"         # Buteo processes and any Buteo sync plugin
SSO_LOGGING_LEVEL=3 SSOUI_LOGGING_LEVEL=3     # Accounts&SSO services
CONTACTSD_DEBUG=1                             # contactsd instant messaging roster synchronisation daemon
QTCONTACTS_SQLITE_TWCSA_TRACE=1 QTCONTACTS_SQLITE_TRACE=1  # qtcontacts-sqlite backend debug output
QT_LOGGING_RULES="org.kde.pim.mkcal.debug=true"            # mKCal debug output
QT_LOGGING_RULES="kf.calendarcore.debug=true" # KCalendarCore debug output
LIPSTICK_COMPOSITOR_DEBUG=1                   # homescreen debug output

Qt category logging can be contolled by editing qtlogging.ini. This is an override file - so if that file doesn’t exist, just the “default” logging categories are enabled, but if that file does exist, then the categories specified in the file are used:

/home/<user>/.config/QtProject/qtlogging.ini

There are many categories defined in Sailfish OS such as:

org.sailfishos.settings.memorycard
org.sailfishos.browser.core

` Some processes can be made more verbose by installing specific “tracing” packages which configure the service to be more verbose when installed (via devel-su -p pkcon install <pkgname>). Some examples include:

connman-tracing
bluez5-tracing
connectionagent-qt5-tracing

Unfortunately, due to the heterogeneous nature of the packages in Sailfish OS, there is no unified way to enable verbose debug logging, and so the contributor will in some cases have to read the source code to figure out what they need to do to make debug logging work. It may even require setting some #define in source code, and rebuilding the package.

Home Screen and Compositor diagnostics

Lipstick debugs can be enabled by adding LIPSTICK_COMPOSITOR_DEBUG=1 to /var/lib/environment/compositor/*.conf.

Now restart lipstick and you have a small box at the bottom of the screen for debugging the top most window. “Dump” button outputs data of the top most window to the journal. “Expose” button shows current windows.

In case screen is locked or/and touch is not responding but you have an access to the device. Top most window can be dumped like:

dbus-send --type=method_call --print-reply --dest=org.nemomobile.compositor.debug /debug org.nemomobile.compositor.debug.dump

Similarly use LIPSTICK_COMPOSITOR_TOUCH_DEBUG=1 to debug touch issues with edge swipes.

Calling diagnostics

Enabling voicecall manager debug logs requires modifying source codes, rebuilding and installing the project packages:

voicecall/lib/src/common.h -> #define WANT_TRACE

Enabling Phone app logs requires modifying source code line:

/usr/share/voicecall-ui-jolla/VoiceCallManager.qml -> enableDebugLog: true

Backup Diagnostics

On the target device go to the command line. Download there Backup status reporting script and make it executable.

curl -o the-vault-storage-report.sh https://github.com/sailfishos/the-vault/blob/master/tools/the-vault-storage-report.sh && chmod a+x the-vault-storage-report.sh

Execute the command in privileged mode.

devel-su -p ./the-vault-storage-report.sh > /home/<user>/backup-status-report.txt

Attach resulting /home/<user>/backup-status-report.txt file to your bug report.

OS Update Diagnostics

Provide the journal of the OS update and /var/log/zypp/history, so developers can debug what went wrong.

Browser Diagnostics / Debugging

Content moved to Working with Browser

Multimedia debugging

There are different debugging mechanisms available depending on the subsystem used:

GStreamer

The environment variable GST_DEBUG can be used to selectively increase GStreamer logging per element e.g.

GST_DEBUG=droidcamsrc:2 jolla-camera

to set the debug log level of the camera element to WARN. Other useful values are 1 (Error), 4 (Info) and 5 (Debug).

DOT file generation is enabled in recent versions of QtMultimedia for camera and media playback. These files describe the GStreamer pipeline at certain points, so you can see which elements are being used and the properties of the data passing between them. They can be transformed into images using ‘graphviz’.

GST_DEBUG_DUMP_DOT_DIR=/tmp/ jolla-gallery

Then on a PC with graphviz installed, this script will turn any DOT files in the current directory into PNG images:

DOT_FILES=`find ./*.dot`
for file in $DOT_FILES
do
    dest=`sed s/.dot/.png/ <<< "$file"`
    dot -Tpng $file > $dest
done

Camera

Although GST_DEBUG can be used to obtain logs for the droidcamsrc element of gst-droid, the droidmedia and Android Stagefright components will log to the android system log. This can be viewed as root by using:

devel-su
/usr/libexec/droid-hybris/system/bin/logcat

All log lines since boot are displayed, with the oldest lines being removed once a size limit is reached. This means there can be a lot of irrelevant output already collected in logcat before you start debugging. To remove this, call logcat with -c.

Email / Active Sync (e-mail) debugging

Email logging can be made more verbose by editing configuration files and rebooting:

/home/<user>/.config/QtProject/Messageserver.conf  # email, QtMessagingFramework configuration file
/home/<user>/.config/eas-sailfish.conf  # Exchange ActiveSync plugin configuration file

For example, to make the Exchange ActiveSync plugin fully verbose, first ensure that journald won’t throttle logging output (see the notes on editing /etc/systemd/journald.conf burst limits) and then ensure that the /home/<user>/.config/eas-sailfish.conf file contains the following:

[logging]
Sailfish.eas=d
Sailfish.easnetwork=d
Sailfish.easwbxml=d

Add the following to the same file to have log output saved to /var/tmp/eas.log.

Sailfish.logfile=/var/tmp/eas.log

After making changes to the file you’ll need to restart the daemon using systemctl --user restart sailfish-eas to apply them.

To make the QMF (generic email) component fully verbose, and output logs to the /home/<user>/qmf.log file, modify /home/<user>/.config/QtProject/Messageserver.conf to contain the following:

[FileLog]
Enabled=1
Path=/home/<user>/qmf.log

[LogCategories]
IMAP=1
Messaging=1
POP=1
SMTP=1

[StdStreamLog]
Enabled=0

[Syslog]
Enabled=0

Restart System Services

Restart user session

systemctl restart user@100000

Restart networking. Warning! Disconnects your SSH connection.

systemctl restart connman.service

Restart home screen

systemctl --user restart lipstick

Restart keyboard

systemctl --user restart maliit-server

Restart Phone application

systemctl --user restart voicecall-ui-prestart

Restart Phone middleware

systemctl restart ofono
systemctl-user restart voicecall-manager

Repository handling

All following commands require root access rights

devel-su

Register the device for R&D services. This is the same as enabling it from Settings app user interface by enabling Setting | “Developer tools” | “Enable developer updates” toggle.

ssu r

Check that the time is correct on the device

ssu up

Go to RnD mode

ssu re -r latest

Query and change RnD Flavour

ssu fl # query
ssu fl devel|staging

Set to normal sales release device

ssu domain sales
ssu release <latest release>
# set registered=false in ssu.ini
pkcon refresh

Add custom repository (credentials automatically added, if required)

ssu ar repository-name URL
ssu updaterepos     #alternative: ssu ur
pkcon refresh
pkcon update

Manage custom repositories. Custom repositories appear in the section “Enabled repositories (user)” in the output of the command ssu lr.

ssu rr repository-name  # remove
ssu dr repository-name  # disable
ssu er repository-name  # enable
ssu lr                  # list

ssu updaterepos
pkcon refresh
pkcon update

Never override global repositories such as adaptation-common as that will mess up your device when upgrading it. Before upgrade make sure Enabled repositories (global) are not listed in Enabled repositories (user) as follows:

devel-su ssu lr

If you have Enabled repositories (global) listed in the Enabled repositories (user), remove each of them as follows (e.g. adaptation-common):

devel-su ssu rr adaptation-common
devel-su ssu up
devel-su pkcon refresh

Package Handling

Privileged rights required

devel-su -p

Show SW version

version

Update software

version --dup

Pkcon commands

pkcon refresh   # Update repositories

pkcon search name [PACKAGE_NAME]
pkcon install [PACKAGE_NAME]
pkcon get-details [PACKAGE_NAME]
pkcon remove [PACKAGE_NAME]
pkcon update [PACKAGE_NAME]

pkcon install-local [FILE_NAME]

pkcon repo-list
pkcon repo-enable [REPO_ID]
pkcon repo-disable [REPO_ID]

pkcon       # Lists the full command syntax and options.

Pkmon commands

pkmon       # Shows the download progress as a live log.

Zypper commands for SDK (pkcon is preferred on device)

zypper lr # list repositories
zypper ref # update repositories
zypper update # update packages
zypper se packagename # search packages
zypper in packagename # install packages
zypper info packagename # check package information
zypper info -t pattern patternname # check pattern information
zypper verify # check dependencies

RPM commands

rpm -ivh <rpm-file> # installs rpm package (verbose, print hash marks)
rpm -ivh --nodeps --force <rpm-file> # installs rpm package without checking dependencies (as you know they are ok...)
rpm -e <package> # remove package
rpm -ql <package-name> # list files in package
rpm -qlP <file> # list files in package
rpm -qf <file> # find out what package file belongs to
rpm -qpR <rpm-file> # find out package dependencies
rpm -qR <package-name> # find out package dependencies
rpm -q --changelog <package> | head # list the recent changelog items of a package
rpm -q --whatrequires <package> # find out reverse dependencies
rpm -qa | grep <string> # list all packages that have <string> in their names
rpm -qa | xargs rpm -qR | grep -b5 <package> # query all packages, check whether they depend on package
rpm -U --oldpackage --replacepkgs --replacefiles <package> # reinstall rpm package
rpm -qa | awk '{print $0" "$0}' | xargs printf "echo PACKAGE: %s && rpm -q --scripts %s\n" | sh # List RPM scripts by package
rpm -qa --queryformat '%{license}\t%{name}-%{version}-%{release}\n' | sort # List package by license.

Clear corrupted rpm database (as root):

rm -rf /var/lib/rpm/__db* ; rpm --rebuilddb

Run packagekitd with debug output (as root):

G_MESSAGES_DEBUG=all /usr/libexec/packagekitd --keep-environment --verbose

Clearing, Importing and Exporting User Data

Phone

Install commhistory-tool if not already installed.

devel-su -p pkcon install libcommhistory-qt5-tools

Export call logs, run as user

commhistory-tool export -calls call_logs.dat

Import, run as user

commhistory-tool import call_logs.dat

Clear call logs, run as user

commhistory-tool deleteall -calls

Add call logs data, run as user

commhistory-tool import-json calllogs.json

Restart Phone application to see changes in effect.

pkill voicecall-ui

Messages

Export messages, run as user

commhistory-tool export -groups messages.dat

Import, run as user

commhistory-tool import messages.dat

Remove all message conversations, run as user

commhistory-tool deleteall -groups

Import message data, run as user

commhistory-tool import-json messages.json

Restart Messages application to see changes in effect.

pkill jolla-messages

People

Install vcardconverter if not already installed.

devel-su -p pkcon install nemo-qml-plugin-contacts-qt5-tools

Import contacts from vCard

devel-su -p vcardconverter contacts.vcf

Export contacts that are stored in the device internal memory to vCard

devel-su -p vcardconverter --export contacts.vcf

If that doesn’t write any contacts, you need to specify the collection. Obtain a list of available collections like so:

devel-su -p contacts-tool collections

This will print something like the following:

   ID: qtcontacts:org.nemomobile.contacts.sqlite::xxxxxxxx31  Name: aggregate
   ID: qtcontacts:org.nemomobile.contacts.sqlite::xxxxxxxx32  Name: local
   ID: qtcontacts:org.nemomobile.contacts.sqlite::xxxxxxxx33  Name: SIM    

Use the complete string starting with qtcontacts: as the collecion ID:

devel-su -p vcardconverter --export local_contacts.vcf qtcontacts:org.nemomobile.contacts.sqlite::xxxxxxxx32

Calendar

Install icalconverter if not already installed

devel-su -p pkcon install nemo-qml-plugin-calendar-qt5-tools

Import events from iCal

devel-su -p icalconverter import calendar.ics

Import events using Calendar import page (two possibilities)

dbus-send --print-reply --type=method_call --dest=com.jolla.calendar.ui /com/jolla/calendar/ui com.jolla.calendar.ui.importFile string:$HOME/<readableDir>/calendar.ics
xdg-open calendar.ics

Both assume that the ICS data are actually in a directory that is visible from inside the jail the calendar application is running into, for instance $HOME/Documents/.

Export local calendar events to iCal

devel-su -p icalconverter export calendar.ics

Browser

Set the home page.

dconf write /apps/sailfish-browser/settings/home_page "'http://jolla.com'"

Media

Transfer content to the device

scp *.jpg <user>@device:Pictures
scp *.mp4 <user>@device:Videos
scp *.pdf <user>@device:Documents
scp *.ogg <user>@device:Music

Ambiences

Set image as the ambience.

dbus-send --session --print-reply --dest=com.jolla.ambienced /com/jolla/ambienced com.jolla.ambienced.setAmbience string:"file://home/<user>/Pictures/image.jpg"

Homescreen

Reset order of apps in Homescreen launcher.

rm /home/<user>/.config/lipstick/applications.menu

Weather

Remove weather locations

rm /home/<user>/.local/share/sailfish-weather/weather.json

In some SFOS installations, the location is here:

rm /home/<user>/.local/share/org.sailfishos/sailfish-weather/weather.json

Blocking Device Suspend

Install mcetool

zypper in mce-tools

Disable late suspend

mcetool -searly

Disable early suspend

mcetool -sdisabled

Restore normal suspend policy

mcetool -senabled

Screen Brightness

Install mcetool

zypper in mce-tools

Set brightness setting to maximum value

mcetool -b100

Disable screen dimming when home screen or applications are open

mcetool -Don

Disable screen dimming when the lock screen is open

mcetool -tdisabled

Go back to normal behavior

mcetool -Doff -tenabled

For problem with unusually dark display, try disabling als-based display brightness filtering

mcetool -gdisabled

Reset all mce values to their defaults

systemctl stop mce.service
rm /var/lib/mce/builtin-gconf.values
systemctl start mce.service

Show Dialogs

Alarm Dialog

Show timer alarm in 3 seconds (ticker=3).

timedclient-qt5 -b'TITLE=button0' -e'APPLICATION=nemoalarms;TITLE=Timer;type=countdown;timeOfDay=1;triggerTime=1395217218;ticker=3'

Show clock alarm in 3 seconds (ticker=3).

timedclient-qt5 -b'TITLE=button0' -e'APPLICATION=nemoalarms;TITLE=Clock;type=event;timeOfDay=772;ticker=3'

Connection Dialog

dbus-send --print-reply --type=method_call --dest=com.jolla.lipstick.ConnectionSelector / com.jolla.lipstick.ConnectionSelectorIf.openConnection string:

USB Dialog

Connect cable. Make sure “Settings -> USB -> Default USB mode” is set to “Always ask”.

Unresponsive App Dialog

Make app unresponsive by stopping its execution.

kill -SIGSTOP `pgrep appname` # e.g. jolla-messages

Continue execution by calling

kill -SIGCONT `pgrep appname` # e.g. jolla-messages

Side Loading Dialog

xdg-open package.rpm

Call Request Dialog

xdg-open "tel://0123456789"

Supplementary Service Dialog

Type USSD code with Phone dialer, for example, *#31# shows the status of caller line restriction.

Audio Warning Dialog

Change headset audio warning timeout by adding following lines to /etc/pulse/mainvolume-listening-time-notifier.conf.

timeout = 1
sink-list = sink.primary
mode-list = lineout

Then run:

systemctl --user restart pulseaudio.service

Now play a song over 1 minute with a normal headset in Media Player to see a warning dialogue.

Reset too-loud volume warning.

/usr/bin/dconf write /desktop/<user>/audiowarning true

Now play a song over the headset and turn the volume to maximum to see a warning dialogue.

The Other Half Installation Dialog

Sign in to Jolla store. Attach new TOH back cover.

Show settings

Settings (Bluetooth, Accounts, Text input, VPN, etc.) are declared on JSON files found in /usr/share/jolla-settings/entries/

You can launch Settings app in a respective settings page using the following DBus method (opens USB settings page)

dbus-send --type=method_call --print-reply --dest=com.jolla.settings /com/jolla/settings/ui com.jolla.settings.ui.showPage string:system_settings/connectivity/usb

Works for JSON settings of type “page”. Property “path” found in JSON file is used to identify the settings page, which the method takes as an argument.